Accommodating Urdu, Sindhi and Arabic in Internationalized Domain Name Systems (IDNS)

Abstract

The Internet has changed our way of life, the way we communicate with each other and the way we do business. It is a world-wide broadcasting capability, a mechanism for information and interaction between individuals without regard to geographical distances. However it is no denying a fact that the majority of languages used on the Internet are non-English. Keeping in view these facts it was obvious that non-English speakers would access their local sites and would communicate via email using their own local scripts. Efforts in this regard have already been made in Chinese, Japanese and Korean (CJK), in Arabic and in other languages. Languages on the Internet should be treated equally, and non-English speakers deserve to utilize their own languages to take full advantage of the Internet in their own way with the freedom of the language identity, written traditions and written scripts. The Arabic language and other languages that use Arabic script, like Pakistani national language Urdu and regional language Sindhi, are among them. This paper explores the current issues in Arabic Top Level Domains (TLDs) and proposes a solution, which not only resolves these issues for the Arabic language but also introduces Urdu and Sindhi TLDs.

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